The news that the new ranch style home for Rowan Atkinson has been endorsed by the Oxfordshire Planning Committee notwithstanding being suggested for refusal by the Authority’s Planning Officers is at risk for raising again the fairly drained discussion about Modernism versus Classicism in the British open country. In any case, this is totally some unacceptable discussion. Hauling out the two old conflict ponies onto the jousting fields of Middle England is dislodging action that removes the consideration from a really squeezing, contemporary discussion influencing Western culture all the more by and large that could be circulated if the conflict ponies could be returned to their corrals for some time.
Atkinson’s arranging expert Terence O’Rourke is accounted for as portraying the new proposition as ‘a piece of 21st century high engineering’. I don’t know that this is a useful or absolutely exact portrayal of the proposition. The facts confirm that Atkinson’s planner for the house, Richard Meier, brought over from the US to do this his first structure in the UK, is a regarded designer actually rehearsing in the 21st century yet the thoughts that produce his work are immovably grounded in the early piece of the last century. The house could consequently similarly be depicted as a piece of twentieth century design or as a piece of ‘Old Modernism’.
The thoughts that Meier actually utilizes in 2010 were new in the 1920’s and 30’s when Le Corbusier and other early pioneers of the Modern Movement made a design that communicated the soul of an age emerging from the primary universal conflict. This age rather innocently believed that they could clean off the record of history and assemble an exciting modern lifestyle. Corb’s polemical enunciation of that design was depicted in his popular ‘Five Points for a New Architecture’, first distributed as a progression of articles in the diary he made, named ‘L’Espirit Nouveau’. These five focuses set up amazing polemical divisions, intentionally criticizing of the old request; the new design was to stand richly over the ground on thin ‘pilotis’ (segments) rather than over sodden and rodent swarmed cellars, the lined construction would make the ‘Free arrangement’ and override the restrictions of substantial burden bearing designs with their off-kilter corners, taking the structures off the ground on pilotis would create ‘free ground’ in the city to supplant the clogged roads. The underlying edge would as well as opening up the arrangement make the ‘free height’ and the trademark even strip windows of the time. At last, what Corb contended were the futile dim rooftop spaces related with customary pitched rooftops could be supplanted by the ‘rooftop garden’ the fifth of Le Corbusier’s five focuses. The other prevailing quality of this engineering that peculiarly doesn’t get referenced as one of the five focuses is that it is ‘white’. The whiteness empowered this engineering to prevent the materiality from getting the structure’s surfaces. The surfaces are hence seen as wonderful reflections, calculated skins which look to characterize conceivably boundless space. The blemishes of a genuine material would sabotage the mission for an unadulterated assertion of outright space, and thusly material itself needed to join those curbed parts of engineering’s existence.
Obviously those parts of engineering’s world that in these five focuses were censured by Le Corbusier didn’t disappear. To be sure after the Second World War, Le Corbusier’s own engineering took an extreme course adjustment. When he was planning Masions Jaoul in Paris the 1950’s the five focuses had been deserted. The piloti had vanished, with the end goal that the structures sat unequivocally on the ground. The houses were given burden bearing constructions, subsequently restricting the impacts of the ‘free arrangement’ and ‘free height’ and simultaneously the rooftops were vaulted hence denying the available ‘rooftop garden’. Indeed, even the ‘whiteness’ that denied the structures materiality had vanished to be supplanted by ‘Beton brut’, a new and outrageous type of compositional materiality that appeared to be called from Le Corbusier’s mind to adjust the prior forswearing.
The Young Old Guard:
Despite the fact that we can see that Le Corbusier had the option to continue on from the super questioning of early innovation, the seeds of the compositional language that he had assisted with making had been planted and were later to be gotten carelessly by another age. Richard Meier was important for that new age. He arose as one of a gathering of youthful engineers working in New York in the 1960’s who came to global consideration in 1967 after a show of their work at the Museum of Modern Art coordinated by Arthur Drexler and later distributed in a book highlighting crafted by ‘The New York Five’; Peter Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier. Around then this gathering somewhat shared the reductive language of the early present day development yet albeit some were later to move into a new area, Meier hung tight. “In the event that I can’t be Le Corbusier, I can be Richard Meier”, I appear to review him saying in the beginning of his profession, and in a new letter to the Oxfordshire Planning Department he is currently unmistakably asserting the domain as his own, “Whiteness is one of the trademark characteristics of my work….”.